Artificial intelligence at the service of doctors
Medical science has made tremendous and rapid progress in recent decades with the use of technological knowledge. Technology and the phenomenon of globalization have led scientific disciplines and researchers in various disciplines to work together to do things that sometimes resemble scientific myths. Perhaps the most obvious example is the completion of the human genetic map, known as the genome project. Specialists in medical sciences, genetics, computers, etc. from 20 universities and research institutes from different countries succeeded in completing this project in 2003 and earlier than scheduled. Work on artificial intelligence began in the 1950s by two computer professors at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States, Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy. Inspired by the functioning of the human brain, they tried to build a machine capable of performing human tasks such as reasoning, problem solving, or learning. The human brain is made up of 100 billion neurons. These cells are connected by complex nerve fibers called neural networks. In artificial intelligence, attempts have been made to replicate the function of the human brain by creating networks such as neural networks. Neuroscientists in recent decades have succeeded in inventing artificial intelligence by simulating the human brain. Artificial intelligence is now able to do many things, even tasks that require automation or repetition, even better than humans. Artificial intelligence is now used in many industries. In the next 50 years, many human works are predicted to be done by artificial intelligence or robots. What is the application of artificial intelligence in medical science? Will you go to a robot instead of a doctor in the future? The fact is that medicine, in addition to analytical, diagnostic or therapeutic aspects, also has human aspects. Artificial intelligence or robots are devoid of these aspects. Therefore, it seems that artificial intelligence will not replace the doctor, but will help the doctor; For example, artificial intelligence can help a physician identify specific patterns of disease in patient tests. At present, artificial intelligence has entered various aspects of the treatment system and is assisting physicians and the health system. One of its most important uses is to assist medicine in preventing medical errors. Artificial intelligence is able to analyze large amounts of information in a fraction of a second. In many health systems, by creating an electronic record for the patient, it is possible to use artificial intelligence to prevent mistakes such as drug interactions. Artificial intelligence is also capable of analyzing millions of genetic information and detecting pathogenic genes. This helps to diagnose diseases faster. Another application of artificial intelligence is in the analysis of radiological images. By presenting different patterns of disease in these photographs, artificial intelligence is able to assist the imaging specialist in diagnosing the disease. Today, artificial intelligence assists surgeons in performing robotic surgeries, so that the surgeon will be able to operate on the patient from a distance and even on another continent. Artificial intelligence is also able to predict the risk of cancer or heart attack by analyzing millions of information about a patient with genetic findings. This has greatly contributed to the advancement of personalized medicine today. This science tries to provide diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of each disease individually; For example, provide treatment for each individual’s illness specifically and predict which treatment the patient will respond best to. Today, using artificial intelligence technology, robots have been designed that can transmit patient information live and instantly to the physician so that he can make the best decision about the patient’s treatment. These robots can even work as patient nurses. The application of this technology is in telemedicine. Using this method, the doctor will be able to treat patients in remote areas without a doctor or even in war zones. In short, artificial intelligence technology, although it will not replace the doctor, but will certainly help to provide better health services.
Dr. Reza Saidi Firoozabadi – Transplant Surgeon